Basic Life Support Steps Recommended by American Heart Association: the DRS CAB

It has been the obligation of all health personnel to be BLS certified before they qualify as care providers. People of such quality should have been able to perform resuscitation to a collapsed victim. The early attempt of supporting one’s life is vital to his/her survival. Before he/she gets treated properly at the hospital, there are Basic Life Support steps recommended by American Heart Association that must be followed by the care givers.

What the DRS Part Is All About in Basic Life Support

When it comes to the resuscitation steps of Basic Life Support, DRS CAB is what it is called for. Let’s start this discussion with the DRS part then. Basically, each letter stands for each step. First, there is D which stands for Danger. What do we have to do with the danger? Of course, we will have to check whether the scene is safe before we start the resuscitation. Second, the R stands for Response. Here, we assess the victim’s level of consciousness.

You can simply shake his/her shoulder and ask whether he/she is okay or not. You can also look at his/her chest whether there is breathing movement or not. Third, the S stands for Send for help. If the injuries are too severe or there is no response at worst, you need to call for an ambulance. However, waiting is not the only thing you can do before the ambulance arrives. You’ve got to continue the following Basic Life Support procedure to take care of the victims.

What the CAB Part Is All About in Basic Life Support

The next Basic Life Support steps are ones that include as the CAB part of the resuscitation procedure name. First, the C stands for Compressions. So, here the rescuers will be directed to perform it for as long as 30 minutes with 2 rescue breaths later to unresponsive victims or one who cannot breathe normally. Second, the A stands for Airway. As the name suggests, the rescuers will have to open the airway by tilting the head back and lifting the chin.

Third, the B stands for Breathing. Here, the rescuers need to check the victim’s breathing. However, there is no need to do rescue breaths in this step. Although the procedure name stops to only this letter, there is actually one more letter in BLS resuscitation steps. This time, it is D which refers to the AED that must be attached by the rescuers as soon as they get their hands on it. That way, you can increase the victim’s chance of surviving.


Basically, those are the steps of the procedure you’ve got to follow when taking care of victims before your eyes before they get proper treatment at the hospital. Tending them as early as possible can increase the chance of their survival after all. It is always better to make an attempt rather than do nothing, right? These Basic Life Support steps are the proper way to make your rescue attempt.


Basic Life Support steps are referred to DRS CAB procedure with each letter stands for the thing to do in every step of procedure for resuscitating victims.


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