Neurological Disorders in Children Characteristics, Etiology, Onset, Prevalence, and Treatment

Neurological disorders often happen especially to children. It is a condition of ailment related to nervous system that includes nerves, spinal cord and also brain. In relation to the neurological disorders in children, it may cause some problems such as the difficulty of hearing, seeing, thinking, speech or even movement. This condition may develop during the pregnancy, during the birth or may be later in the childhood. Because of that, it is important to discuss the different kinds of neurological disorders in more detailed explanation.

The Characteristics of Neurological Disorders

Children neurological disorders have some symptoms. However, the symptom depends on different factors. The most common problem is attention deficit hyperactivity disorders. In this case, children usually experience concentration difficulties. Besides that, they are also usually restless.

Besides that, autism also belongs to one of the neurological disorder symptoms in children. It usually relates to communication skills, impaired social, restricted interests, and repetitive actions. Children who are autism commonly have difficulties with speech, pretend play, social interaction and also nonverbal communication like maintaining eye contacts.

The next characteristic of neurological disorder is cerebral palsy where it may be caused by the brain damages. It may affect muscle tone and body movement. Children who experience this problem will have difficulties with changing clothes, eating, walking and even engaging with others in many activities.

The last symptom of neurological disorders in children is traumatic brain injury where it happens if external forces damage the brain. It depends on the severity and location of the injury. It can include the difficulty with hearing, seeing, speech, thinking and also movement.

The Etiology of Neurological Disorders in Children

The factor of neurological disorders can be various. Cerebral palsy as well as TBI arises from brain injury. Studies show that autism and ADHD are caused by the combination of environmental and genetic factors. They are also investigating specific mechanism which causes the neurological disorders.

The Onset of Neurological Disorders in Children

Even though there are many researches about neurological disorders in kids, the onset is still debatable. There is no fixed onset about this problem. In fact, it may happen from 3 years old or even younger. Some kinds start to have this neurological disorder from about 7 years or even older.

The Prevalence of Neurological Disorders in Children

According to a research in 2007, a shocking result is gotten. The prevalence depends on the characteristics of the neurological disorder itself. For autism, the ratio is 2:1,000. For cerebral palsy, the ratio is also 2:1,000. For ADHD, the ration reaches 34 from 1,000. The research included more than 475,000 children from 1 to 14 years old.

Neurological Disorder Treatment

This problem can be treated and the treatment is various depending on the condition. The treatment includes psychotherapy, speech therapy, physical therapy, surgery and also medication. Some devices may be needed such as eyeglasses, braces, and even wheelchairs. Those devices are needed to treat neurological disorders in children for specific deficits. The treatment time depends on the condition itself.

Description: Neurological disorders in children can happen in various conditions. The factors are also various. For the treatments, it depends on the condition itself.

Leave a Reply